TOP 10 Best Programming Languages For Android Apps

When selecting a programming language for android apps, frameworks, and SDKs for mobile apps, you must consider not just the frontend (UI) development environment, but also the backend (server-side) development environment. The developers who code the frontend are not always the same as those who code the backend, but they usually collaborate (they are in enterprises anyway).

In this post, we will look at the top iOS and Android programming languages and development frameworks for creating mobile apps and backends.

1. Types Of Mobile Apps

Types Of Mobile Apps

Every year, hundreds of new apps enter the market, and the demand for mobile application development continues to rise. Although we are familiar with operating systems (such as iOS and Android), we are likely unaware of the precise technology platforms that software developers employ during the design and development process when building apps. We hope that after reading this article, you will have a better understanding of the three types of apps and cross platforms – some of which you may have never heard of – in your path to learn progressive web development.

1.1       Native Mobile Apps

Native mobile apps are those that are written in a language that the device OS vendor natively supports. The app code has complete access to the underlying platform APIs, while the OS supplies the UI component library. The build process transforms this code into an executable program using the OS’s native bytecode.

1.2       Cross-platform Mobile Apps

Cross-platform mobile apps are those that are written in a single language yet can run on multiple systems. The language in which you create your cross-platform mobile app may not be the native language of the underlying device OS. This indicates that the code may be contained, bridged, or cross-compiled to bytecode, which can be executed directly on the OS with the assistance of some support libraries.

1.3       Mobile Web Apps

Mobile web apps are a lightweight paradigm that allows you to open a URL in your device’s browser while still having the look and feel of a standard mobile app. Mobile websites are not supplied as an app that is installed on the device, but they are an important paradigm to consider when developing for a mobile device. To construct mobile web apps, developers can employ one of two website programming paradigms:

  • Responsive web programming is a type of website programming in which the website layout organizes itself to fit the form factor of the device. As a result, rather than having to scroll horizontally, the content “snaps” into position to fit the width of the device. These websites can also be accessed from a desktop computer. On IBM Developer, you may learn about the most recent responsive design concepts.
  • Progressive web programming develops progressive web apps, which are conventional web pages that look like traditional mobile apps when accessed via a mobile device’s browser. They provide a nearly app-like experience. Progressive web applications can add a link to the home screen (so you get an app icon), and they can also run offline while not connected to the internet by caching the content locally on the device.

2. TOP 10 Best Programming Language For Android Apps


As consumers continue to use smartphones to socialize, research, and entertain themselves, smarter Programming Language for Android Apps emerge and adapt in response to consumption habits.

Whether you are a seasoned app developer looking to learn a new language or a student looking to begin a freelancing career as an app developer, here is a complete analysis of the top Programming Language for Android Apps to get you started on the right track.

#1 Best programming language for Android appsJava


Initially, Java was the official Programming Language for Android Apps (but has since been superseded by Kotlin), and as a result, it is the most commonly used language. Java is used to build many of the apps in the Play Store, and it is also Google’s most supported language. In addition to all of this, Java offers a fantastic online community for help in the event of a problem (and believe me, there will be difficulties!).

However, Java is a difficult language for a newcomer to learn since it includes sophisticated issues such as constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, checked exceptions, and so on. Furthermore, the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) raises the bar to a new level of complexity!

Overall, Java is an excellent language for experiencing the full benefits of programming language for android apps. It may, however, be a little complicated for beginners who would like to start with something simpler and then return to it.

Controlling Java to lead the programming language for android apps is not easy. You might need an outsource company to help you with that. OutsourcingVN is the one you need. At OutsourcingVN, we use Java to provide our customers with high-quality, fault-tolerant applications. This allows us to keep costs to a minimum while providing the best solutions. We provide Java Application Development Outsourcing Services with more than 12 years of experience, providing the most innovative solutions to suit each company’s model and customer’s needs.

#2 Android app programming language – Kotlin


Since 2019, Google has designated Kotlin to be the official language for Android app development. Kotlin is a cross-platform Programming Language for Android Apps that can be used as an alternative to Java when developing Android apps. In 2017, it was also launched as a secondary “official” Java language. Kotlin is compatible with Java and operates on the Java Virtual Machine.

The only significant distinction is that Kotlin eliminates unneeded Java features such as null pointer exceptions. It also eliminates the need to terminate each line with a semicolon. In brief, compared to Java, Kotlin is significantly easier for beginners to learn, and it may also be used as an “entry point” for Android App Development.

#3 Best programming language for Android apps – C#


Because C# is so comparable to Java, it is great for developing Android apps. C#, like Java, implements garbage collection to reduce the likelihood of memory leaks. Furthermore, C# has a cleaner and clearer syntax than Java, making it easier to code with.

Previously, the main disadvantage of C# was that it could only run on Windows platforms since it needed the.NET Framework. Xamarin, on the other hand, dealt with this issue. Android (previously Mono for Android) is a cross-platform Common Language Infrastructure implementation. Xamarin, have a seat. Android tools can be used to create native Android apps that can be shared across platforms.

#4 Best Android programming languageC++


C++ can be used to create Android apps with the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). An app cannot, however, be written entirely in C++, and the NDK is used to implement elements of the app in C++ native code. This aids in the use of C++ code libraries for the program as needed.

While C++ can be useful for Android App Development in some circumstances, it is far more complicated to set up and far less versatile. Because of the increasing complexity, it may also result in additional bugs. As a result, it is preferable to choose Java over C++ because the latter does not deliver enough advantage to compensate for the effort necessary.

Read more about Software Development Life Cycle Models 

#5 Android app programming language Flutter


Flutter, a mobile app SDK developed by Google, provides developers with a quick and easy approach to build rich, high-performance mobile apps that can be quickly deployed on both platforms.

It is essentially a mobile app development framework that employs the coding language Dart and contains a large library of widgets and features to assist in the creation of highly visual, immersive app experiences.

Flutter requires far less testing than its native counterparts because the code base is smaller and the same for both platforms.

Flutter not only has a large library of UI widgets to help you develop visually attractive apps, but it also allows you to personalize your widgets, giving you that rich native experience you crave in a Programming Language for Android Apps.

#6 Best Android programming languageReact Native


React Native originated as an internal hackathon project at Facebook and grew to become one of the greatest scripting programming languages for android apps that could run on any platform.

That’s true, cross platform apps don’t need to be designed separately for Android and iOS. So you get to write just one app and release it on both platforms, halving your development time and doubling your reach.

React Native is a powerful Programming Language for Android Apps that is not platform specific. It has been employed in the development of well-known apps such as Uber and Airbnb. React Native is the future of hybrid apps for a variety of reasons.

All of this is made much more worthwhile by the strong community support and meticulous documentation. Overall, React Native is a terrific android app programming language if you want to get started quickly and build a cross-platform product that is faster, cheaper, and yet amazing.

#7 Best Android app programming language – Lua


If you’re looking for an easy-to-use, open-source android programming language, Lua is a good option. This high-level programming language for android apps is frequently used in games such as Warcraft and Angry Birds.

It is a completely working game engine that may be used to create simple games; but, more sophisticated games will almost certainly require a more powerful alternative, such as C++ or C#.

#8 Best programming language for Android apps – Basic


While the name “BASIC” may appear straightforward, it is actually a lengthy acronym. BASIC, or “Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code,” is a logical, straightforward, and effective programming language for android apps that is a good choice for Android newcomers.

While BASIC is not a universally accepted programming language for android apps, it can be used to construct some useful apps. It’s a quick and easy way to get started, but for more complex programs, we recommend choosing another language.

You might leverage Back4App’s low-code backend to support your Android development process to streamline the process and produce compelling apps faster.

#9 Best Android app programming language – Ionic


Ionic is an open-source user interface toolkit that allows you to create hybrid cross-platform mobile apps.

For mobile, the framework uses Webview rather than native device parts; it also makes use of common JavaScript codebases such as JavaScript, Reach, Angular, and Vue.

Ionic is well-known for its quick performance with minimal DOM manipulation, and it has a number of component presets that enable native functionality.

While Ionic is a fantastic solution for minimizing the time, effort, and resources required to develop a cross-platform app, its usage of WebView to render apps makes it unsuitable for building intensive or complicated applications.

#10 Best Android programming languageXamarin


Xamarin is a popular cross-platform development framework that allows for the construction of native-like apps for both Android and iOS. Founded in 2011, Xamarin was acquired by Miprogramming language for android appscrosoft five years later, when it became open-source and free as part of Microsoft Visual Studio.

Xamarin builds mobile applications for a variety of purposes and platforms using only one android programming language, C#, and the.NET framework. Within Xamarin, an unified tech stack and shareable codebase enable for speedier development because you simply need to make minor changes to distribute the app across several platforms.

Simultaneously, native APIs and toolkits efficiently cater to native app performance and design, making the distinction between a native and a Xamarin app practically difficult. However, one significant disadvantage of Xamarin is that it is not particularly adept at adding animations and complex graphic features, making it an unsuitable choice for gaming apps.

In Conclusion

This article discussed the TOP 10 Best Programming Language for Android Apps. It covers both local languages such as Java and Kotlin as well as cross-platform frameworks such as React Native and Flutter.

The process of selecting an Android programming language can truly be overwhelming for anyone. While you are free to create your own choices, it is best to begin with a popular language such as Java. The programming languages for android apps will help you enhance your app development skills while also leading you down the path of full-stack development for increased income and outcomes.

We recommend that you do your homework on your own to get the answers you need because you know what is most suited to your skill set. We hope that this information will help you answer the question “what language for android apps?”


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